SD Mines History
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The Past in Pictures
Historic photos of the university archived by the Devereaux Library.
Highlights in Mines History
SD Mines has a long history, one that started before South Dakota gained statehood. Below we highlight a few of the many special moments in our university's evolution, interwoven with key historical events.
- In 1876, before South Dakota even became a state, Rapid City was laid out. Only months later, Custer was overwhelmingly defeated at the Battle of Little Big Horn by a combination of Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho Native Americans, led by Crazy Horse and Chief Gall.
- The Dakota School of Mines was founded in 1885, with the cornerstone of the first building being dedicated on August 19. In the same year, William P. Blake donated 41 scientific and technical books to form the beginning of the library. Gilbert Bailey loaned his collect of fossils and minerals, providing the foundation for the Museum of Geology. The first class was held almost two years later in 1887.
- South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with North Dakota. Soon after being awarded statehood, the Dakota School of Mines became known as the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology.
- The campus continued growing and student organizations were established. In 1888, the Metallurgy Building was completed. The first football team, The Longhairs, was established. In 1901, the front portion of the Liberal Arts Building was completed. In 1901, the school newspaper, The Aurum, was published for the first time.
- Time-honored traditions like M-Day began at this time. The first M-Day was on October 5, 1912, when the “M” was constructed on M-Hill.
- The world was thrown into pandemonium in 1914, with the beginning of World War I. 3 years later, the US enters the war. In 1918, training detachments began to be housed on campus. Shortly after in the same year, Germany was defeated and World War I ended.
- Campus expansions and improvements continued after the chaos of the War ended. In 1919, electrical engineering course of study was offered for the first time. In 1921, work was completed on the new engineering building, now called the McLaury Building. The M Club was formed at Mines in 1922. On April 27, 1928, the cornerstone was laid for the School of Mines gymnasium, which was completed the following year.
- The nation faced more turmoil in 1929 when the Stock Market crashed, setting off a worldwide economic depression. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected 32nd president in 1932 and worked to build the US economy. The following year, prohibition was repealed.
- Joseph Connolly, the namesake for Connolly Hall, took his place as 10th president at Mines in 1935. In 1938, O’Harra Field was completed.
- The shaky peace after World War I was broken in 1939 when World War II breaks out. On December 7, 1941, the Japanese execute an unprecedented attack Pearl Harbor. The US ends their policy of isolationism and joins the war the following day. The campus was used for Army Specialized Training Program, and some buildings become barracks. In 1945, World War II ends and atomic bombs are dropped on Japan.
- More programs were being offered at Mines. In 1942, a degree program in physics was established. A year later in 1943, degree programs in chemistry and geological engineering were established. In 1944, the mechanical engineering program was offered for the first time. In 1946, a program of study in computer science was established. In the same year, a cooperative Ph.D. program in meteorology was established.
- Connolly Hall was completed in 1947.
- With expanded university offerings, more buildings were needed. The Civil/Mechanical Building was completed in 1950. The Chemistry/Chemical Engineering Building was completed in 1957. In the same year, a mathematics course of study was established. In 1959, the March/Dake Hall was completed.
- The 1960s brought new technologies and changes to Mines. In 1961, the first computer was constructed on campus, and construction began on the Surbeck Center. The following year, the Mineral Industries Building was completed. On September 5, 1969, Palmerton Hall was completed and dedicated.
- Ph.D. programs expanded in 1967, with Ph.D. programs authorized for electrical engineering, geology, geological engineering, and physics.
- In May 1970, 4 Kent State University students are killed while protesting the Vietnam War in what is referred to as the Kent State Massacre. On June 17, 5 men are arrested breaking into the Democratic Headquarters at the Watergate Hotel. Due to controversy stemming from Watergate, President Richard Nixon resigns. In 1979, Americans were taken hostage at the embassy in Iran. They were returned 444 days later.
- Research at Mines grew in the late 1970s. In 1979, nearly $2 million was expended for research during the year, up from only $100,000 in 1964.
- Construction of the Classroom Building begins in 1988 and was completed the following year. The Liberal Arts building was condemned in the same year and demolished in 1994. The Tech Learning Center begins providing tutoring services for students.
- The Internet was brought to campus in 1992. TechNeT also became available on campus.
- The prestige of the School of Mines grows in the 1990s. In 1993, the Devereaux Library was designated as the Patent and Trademark Depository for South Dakota. In 1993, the School of Mines site was selected for the National Weather Service Office for western South Dakota. In 1995, the Mines team wins the national concrete canoe competition. The Memorial Arch and Plaza are constructed in 1996. In 1997, the Center for Advanced Manufacturing & Production (CAMP) was established on campus. In 1999, Sun Microsystems established a high-performance computing lab on campus.
- In 2004, Peterson Hall opens to house the steadily-growing student body. The Tech Development Laboratory opens, housing several modern research activities and projects. In 2006, the Black Hills Business Development Center opens on campus.
- In an effort to provide support to women students, the Women in Science and Engineering (WiSE) program was implemented in 2006.
- The School of Mines was recognized in the national spotlight in 2007 when it was named one of “America’s 100 Best Buys” for the 10th consecutive year. In 2008, it was announced that the School of Mines is the only university in the nation where starting salaries for graduates are equivalent to the cost of a four-year degree, the nation’s best college investment. In 2009, Mines was named the Military Friendly School for 2010 by G.I. Jobs Magazine. In 2012, Bloomberg News reported that Mines graduates out earn Harvard graduates when they enter the job market, and the story goes viral.
- Research at Mines reached new heights in 2009, when Mines researchers were awarded nearly $21 million in research and development funding, the highest amount in the history of the university.
- In April 2013, Heather Ann Wilson was selected to be the 18th president of the School of Mines. In 2014, Mines was accepted as a full member of the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference, and in May construction began on the new student Wellness and Recreation Center.
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